On the breakdown modes and parameter space of ohmic tokamak start-up

Peng, Yanli; Jiang, Wei; Innocenti, Maria Elena; Zhang, Ya; Hu, Xiwei; Zhuang, Ge; Lapenta, Giovanni

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: JOURNAL OF PLASMA PHYSICS 0022-3778 84 (5) Paper: 905840505 , 34 p. 2018
  • SJR Scopus - Condensed Matter Physics: Q2
    Tokamak start-up is strongly dependent on the state of the initial plasma formed during plasma breakdown. We have investigated through numerical simulations the effects that the pre-filling pressure and induced electric field have on pure ohmic heating during the breakdown process. Three breakdown modes during the discharge are found, as a function of different initial parameters: no breakdown mode, successful breakdown mode and runaway mode. No breakdown mode often occurs with low electric field or high pre-filling pressure, while runaway electrons are usually easy to generate at high electric field or low pre-filling pressure (<1.33 x 10(-4) Pa). The plasma behaviours and the physical mechanisms under the three breakdown modes are discussed. We have identified the electric field and pressure values at which the different modes occur. In particular, when the electric field is 0.3 V m(-1) (the value at which ITER operates), the pressure range for possible breakdown becomes narrow, which is consistent with Lloyd's theoretical prediction. In addition, for 0.3 V m(-1), the optimal pre-filling pressure range obtained from our simulations is 1.33 x 10(-3) similar to 2.66 x 10(-3) Pa, in good agreement with ITER's design. Besides, we also find that the Townsend discharge model does not appropriately describe the plasma behaviour during tokamak breakdown due to the presence of a toroidal field. Furthermore, we suggest three possible operation mechanisms for general start-up scenarios which could better control the breakdown phase.
    Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
    2021-05-13 14:00