Adsorption studies on copper, cadmium, and zinc ion removal from aqueous solution using magnetite/carbon nanocomposites

Andelescu, Adelina; Nistor, Maria Andreea; Muntean, Simona Gabriela; Radulescu-Grad, Maria Elena

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: SEPARATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 0149-6395 1520-5754 53 (15) pp. 2352-2364 2018
  • SJR Scopus - Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous): Q2
    Magnetite/carbon nanocomposites were tested as adsorbents for removal of metal ions from aqueous solutions. The effect of adsorption parameters such as solutions pH (ranging between 2 and 9), the nature and the quantity of the sorbent (10, 20, 40, and 60 mg), initial concentration of metal ions (10, 30, 50, 100, and 150 mg/L), and temperature (25, 45, and 65 degrees C) was evaluated. The removal efficiency of metal ions depends on solution pH and increases with increasing carbon content, the dose of magnetite/carbon nanocomposites, and the temperature and decrease with initial concentration of the metal ions. The adsorption kinetics was described by pseudo-second-order model, and the equilibrium experimental data were well fitted to the Sips isotherm, yielding a maximum adsorption capacity of 41.11, 76.67, and 48.45 mg/g for copper, cadmium, and zinc, respectively. The thermodynamic parameter Gibbs free energy was determined to be negative, which indicated that the adsorption process is spontaneous. The optimum conditions (1 g/L adsorbent, 25 degrees C, and pH 6) were selected for removal of metal ions from real wastewaters, with good results indicating that investigated nanocomposites could be used for the application in real systems.
    Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
    2020-08-12 00:52