Input-Specific Synaptic Location and Function of the alpha 5 GABA(A) Receptor Subunit in the Mouse CA1 Hippocampal Neurons

Magnin, Elise; Francavilla, Ruggiero; Amalyan, Son A.; Gervais, Etienne; David, Linda Suzanne; Luo, Xiao; Topolnik, Lisa

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE 0270-6474 1529-2401 39 (5) pp. 788-801 2019
  • SJR Scopus - Neuroscience (miscellaneous): D1
    Hippocampus-dependent learning processes are coordinated via a large diversity of GABAergic inhibitory mechanisms. The alpha 5 subunit-containing GABA(A) receptor (alpha 5-GABA(A)R) is abundantly expressed in the hippocampus populating primarily the extra-synaptic domain of CA1 pyramidal cells, where it mediates tonic inhibitory conductance and may cause functional deficits in synaptic plasticity and hippocampus-dependent memory. However, little is known about synaptic expression of the alpha 5-GABA(A)R and, accordingly, its location site-specific function. We examined the cell- and synapse-specific distribution of the alpha 5-GABA(A)R in the CA1 stratum oriens/alveus (O/A) using a combination of immunohistochemistry, whole-cell patch-clamp recordings and optogenetic stimulation in hippocampal slices obtained from mice of either sex. In addition, the input-specific role of the alpha 5GABA(A)R in spatial learning and anxiety-related behavior was studied using behavioral testing and chemogenetic manipulations. We demonstrate that alpha 5-GABA(A)R is preferentially targeted to the inhibitory synapses made by the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)- and calretinin-positive terminals onto dendrites of somatostatin-expressing interneurons. In contrast, synapses made by the parvalbumin-positive inhibitory inputs to O/A interneurons showed no or little alpha 5-GABA(A)R. Inhibiting the alpha 5-GABA(A)R in control mice in vivo improved spatial learning but also induced anxiety-like behavior. Inhibiting the alpha 5-GABA(A)R in mice with inactivated CA1 VIP input could still improve spatial learning and was not associated with anxiety. Together, these data indicate that the alpha 5-GABA(A)R-mediated phasic inhibition via VIP input to interneurons plays a predominant role in the regulation of anxiety while the alpha 5-GABA(A)R tonic inhibition via this subunit may control spatial learning.
    Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
    2021-05-07 08:42