Final report on scientific achievements related to the NSF Grant K109510 „Human landscape interactions in the Maros valley during the first half of the Avar period based on comparative interdisciplinary study of the archeology

Gulyás, S [Gulyás, Sándor (Földtudományok), author] Department of Geology and Paleontology (USZ / TTIK / FFTCS); Doctoral School of Geosciences (USZ / DI); Department of Geology and Paleontology (USZ / TTK / FFTCS); Földtani és Őslénytani Tanszék (USZ / TTIK / FFI); Balogh, Cs [Balogh, Csilla (Régészet), author]; Marcsik, A [Marcsik, Antónia (Embertan), author] Department of Anthropology (USZ / TTIK / BTCS); Kiss, P. A [Kiss, Attila (kora középkori Ká...), author] Department of Auxiliaries to the Study of History (USZ / FHS / TI); Doctoral School of History (USZ / DI)

English Scientific Technical report (published) (Miscellaneous)
Published: 2018
    Identifiers
    • MTMT: 30417397
    The main goal was to elucidate subsistence patterns, spatial-temporal relations of Early Avar Age communities inhabiting the Maros valley during the 6-7th centuries A.D. via compilation, comparative analysis of a new database of the archeology complemented by results of new unprecedented natural scientific investigations for the study area and the referred period. Attempts were made to reconstruct the paleoenvironmental, anthropological characteristics of the inhabitants, regional and distant relations with other groups inhabiting the Carpathian Basin. Cemeteries were clustered into two groups based on type, shape, orientation of graves and grave goods: Group 1 had massive animal sacrifices and sidewall chambered graves with Eastern European Plain affinities existing until the 1st third of the 7th century. Group 2 had few or none such remains and dominated by pit graves existing until the 2nd third of the 7th century A.D. Anthropological analysis indicated a uniform, dominantly Mongolic population practicing ACD in the Maros valley different from the rest of Hungary. The community engaged in free range animal husbandry prevailed by sheep herding. C/N isotope, trace element studies corroborate prevalence of animal protein and strictly C4 plants (millet) in the diet, very different from Late Avar and coeval Lombard populations. Sr/Pb isotopes display an affinity of humans with loess plains & links to Transylvania like provenience of amber, stones. Artefacts refer to a wide network of relations with W,E,S Europe. According to our paleoclimatic data, a pronounced climatic change resulting in higher floods must have contributed to the mid-7th century abandonment of cemeteries.
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    2021-09-22 01:01