The purpose of the study was to compare the peripheral retinal sensitivity of the
visual field between professional soccer players and age-gender matched non-athlete
subjects. All participants underwent a complete eye evaluation. The visual field was
evaluated with the achromatic program 60-4 from the Humphrey automated perimetry.
The binocular visual field was created with the best location model. It was divided
into 4 quadrants (left superior, right superior, left inferior, and right inferior)
and compared between groups. The study group comprised 29 professional male football
players and the control group comprised 26 age-matched male non-athletes. Mean age
was 25.8 +/- 4.7 years in the study group and 26.3 +/- 5.1 for controls. The average
of retina sensitivity in the left inferior and right inferior quadrants was higher
in the study group (27.2 +/- 1.2dB and 27.0 +/- 1.4dB) as compared to controls (26.1
+/- 1.9dB and 25.5 +/- 2.1dB). (Student's t test, P=0.011 and P=0.004, respectively).
In this small cohort, professional soccer players presented higher retina sensitivity
in the inferior quadrants when compared to non-athletes.