Critical Language Areas Show Increased Functional Connectivity in Human Cortex

Rolston, John D.; Chang, Edward F.

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: CEREBRAL CORTEX 1047-3211 1460-2199 28 (12) pp. 4161-4168 2018
  • SJR Scopus - Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience: D1
    Electrocortical stimulation (ECS) mapping is routinely used to identify critical language sites before resective neurosurgery. The precise locations of these sites are highly variable across patients, occurring in the frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes-it is this variability that necessitates individual patient mapping. But why these particular anatomical sites are so privileged in each patient is unknown. We hypothesized that critical language sites have greater functional connectivity with nearby cortex than sites without critical functions, since they serve as central nodes within the language network. Functional connectivity across language, motor, and cleared sites was measured in 15 patients undergoing electrocortiographic (ECoG) mapping for epilepsy surgery. Critical language sites had significantly higher connectivity than sites without critical functions (P = 0.001), and this also held for motor sites (P = 0.022). These data support the hypothesis that critical language sites are highly connected within the local cortical network, perhaps explaining why their disruption with ECS leads to transient disturbances in language function. It is our hope that improved understanding of the mechanisms of ECS will permit improved surgical planning and perhaps contribute to the understanding of normal language physiology.
    Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
    2021-05-13 21:45