In the past decades, clinical microbiologists, practitioners and professionals in
food safety, are facing new challenges related to new born microbial pathogens as
well as to the phenomenon of the antibiotic and biocide resistance developed by the
pathogens. Meanwhile, in Romania has been noticed an increase in scientific publications
dealing with the potential of Romanian aromatic and medicinal plants and their therapeutic
use. The paper proposes a mini-review on scientifically proved antimicrobial activity
of aerial and underground parts of some spontaneous plant from Romanian flora. The
review approaches annual and perennial plants, from herbaceous species to bushes and
trees. In our search we have identified a total of 64 species from autochthonous flora
involved in studies on antimicrobial activity, belonging to 21 botanical families.
Among these species, 28.1% are annual plants, 46,9% are herbaceous perennial plants
and the rest (25%) are woody perennial species (bushes and trees). Almost 50% of the
active species belongs to Asteraceae and Lamiaceae botanical families. For 89% of
the species have been reported antibacterial activity, while only 57.8% of the species
have proven antifungal activity.