Protection of the State of Prehistoric Mounds in Hungary: Law as a Conservation Measure

Tóth, Csaba Albert [Tóth, Csaba Albert (Geomorfológia), szerző] Földtudományi Intézet (DE / TTK); Rákóczi, Attila [Rákóczi, Attila (Környezettudományok), szerző] Agrártudományi és Vidékfejlesztési Intézet (SZIE / AGK); Tóth, Sándor

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
  • SJR Scopus - Archeology (arts and humanities): Q1
According to the Act of 1996 on nature protection, mounds (kurgans) are natural monuments protected nationally in Hungary. According to the law, all kurgans in Hungary were to be surveyed by 2002, and 1692 were included in the cadastre. Fewer than half of the kurgans remained intact due to numerous anthropogenic impacts. A high number of disturbing artificial buildings together with soil erosion, soil removal, and afforestation have significantly reduced the landscape value of kurgans. In 2002, 51.5% of the surveyed kurgans still represented some kind of a value and thus their protection became one of the most urgent tasks of nature conservation and archaeology. According to a Hungarian ministerial decree, established on the basis of an EU Council decree, the area of kurgans under cultivation must be removed from cultivation. By 2015, in the area of 90% of the kurgans under cultivation this land use, which caused significant erosion, was terminated.
Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
2021-11-28 13:05