The physics of wind-blown loess: Implications for grain size proxy interpretations in Quaternary paleoclimate studies

Újvári, G [Újvári, Gábor (Geokémia, paleoklíma), szerző] Földtani és Geokémiai Intézet (CSFK); Kok, JF; Varga, G [Varga, György (Porviharok, hulló...), szerző] Geomorfológiai és Negyedkorkutatási Osztály (CSFK / FTI); Kovács, J [Kovács, János (Földtan), szerző] Földtani és Meteorológiai Tanszék (PTE / TTK / FI)

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Összefoglaló cikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS 0012-8252 154 pp. 247-278 2016
  • SJR Scopus - Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous): D1
    Loess deposits are recorders of aeolian activity during past glaciations. Since the size distribution of loess deposits depends on distance to the dust source, and environmental conditions at the source, during transport, and at deposition, loess particle size distributions and derived statistical measures are widely used proxies in Quaternary paleoenvironmental studies. However, the interpretation of these proxies often only considers dust transport processes. To move beyond such overly simplistic proxy interpretations, and toward proxy interpretations that consider the range of environmental processes that determine loess particle size distribution variations we provide a comprehensive review on the physics of dust particle mobilization and deposition. Furthermore, using high-resolution bulk loess and quartz grain size datasets from a last glacial/interglacial sequence, we show that, because grain size distributions are affected by multiple, often stochastic processes, changes in these distributions over time allow multiple interpretations for the driving processes. Consequently, simplistic interpretations of proxy variations in terms of only one factor (e.g. wind speed) are likely to be inaccurate. Nonetheless using loess proxies to understand temporal changes in the dust cycle and environmental parameters requires (i) a careful site selection, to minimize the effects of topography and source distance, and (ii) the joint use of bulk and quartz grain size proxies, together with high resolution mass accumulation rate calculations if possible. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
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    2020-11-27 09:52