Avar–magyar találkozó. Helyszín, időpont?

Szabados, Gy [Szabados, György (Történettudomány), szerző] MTA-SZTE-HIM-MOL Magyar Medievisztikai Kutatócs... (SZTE / BTK / TI)

Magyar és Angol nyelvű Tudományos Könyvfejezet (Könyvrészlet)
    • MTMT: 2962519
    • REAL: 29997
    The Avar Kaganate collapsed early in the 9th century and the Carpathian Basin remained in disintegration until that time when the Hungarians arrived and united this region under their rule. 895 is known as the date of the Hungarian Conquest. Nevertheless some scholars started to re-examine the chronology of the late Avar and early Hungarian period both in historical and archaeological sense, but avoiding the mixed argumentation. Do we need to rewrite this chapters of the migration period? This paper agrees with this scientific endeavour, because it seems to be justified by the sources both from the „Avar” and „Hungarian” aspect. The end of the Avar State (or steppe-empire) did not mean the extinction of the Avar ethnic community. Using the written sources we can demonstrate the surviving Avar groups from three regions. The first of them was baptized ca. 863 and lived in Pannonia under Frankish rule 870/871. The second community remained independent and these Avars lived in the plains (889). The third group settled amongst the Croats and their Avar-like features were identified even in the middle of the 10th century. The archaeological traces of the Avars are demonstrable after the fall of the Avar Kaganate, too. Meanwhile the Hungarians appeared first in 862 on the pages of western annals when their army devastated Frankish lands. In 881 the Hungarians and their allied Kabars were fighting in the region of Vienna. Wher did they come from and where did they return? Considering the aspects of military history it is possible that the first Hungarian settlements within the Carpathian Basin have been founded ca. 862. We have to emphasize that the relations of the surviving Avars and the conquering Hungarians was conspicuously good. On the one hand the Hungarians showed fierce warlike attitude toward Franks, Bulgars and Moravians, on the other hand they remained peaceful staying the plains of the Avars. Therefore the distance between the late Avar and early Hungarian period is not as long as it seemed to be earlier. Nevertheless we can not point at certain years as finishing or starting dates of an era. Only the place of the „Avar–Hungarian appointment” looks clearly: of course the Carpathian Basin. The time of this meeting must be defined as a long transitional process, which started sometime in the middle of the 9th century and lasted untill the Hungarian Great Principality united the Mid-Danube region.
    Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
    2022-01-20 06:02