Shock Characteristics Measured Upstream of Both a Forward-Swept and an Aft-Swept Fan

Podboy, Gary G; Krupar, Martin J; Sutliff, Daniel L; Horváth, Csaba [Horváth, Csaba (Áramlástan), szerző] Áramlástan Tanszék (BME / GPK)

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Konferenciaközlemény (Könyvrészlet)
      Three different types of diagnostic data – blade surface flow visualization, shroud unsteady pressure, and laser Doppler velocimeter (LDV) – were obtained on two fans, one forwardswept and one aft-swept, in order to learn more about the shocks which propagate upstream of these rotors when they are operated at transonic tip speeds. Flow visualization data are presented for the forward-swept fan operating at 13831 RPMc and for the aft-swept fan operating at 12500 and 13831 RPMc (corresponding to tip rotational Mach numbers of 1.07 and 1.19, respectively). The flow visualization data identify where the shocks occur on the suction side of the rotor blades. These data show that at the takeoff speed, 13831 RPMc, the shocks occurring in the tip region of the forward-swept fan are further downstream in the blade passage than with the aft-swept fan. Shroud unsteady pressure measurements were acquired using a linear array of 15 equally-spaced pressure transducers extending from two tip axial chords upstream to 0.8 tip axial chords downstream of the static position of the tip leading edge of each rotor. Such data are presented for each fan operating at one subsonic and five transonic tip speeds. The unsteady pressure data show relatively strong detached shocks propagating upstream of the aft-swept rotor at the three lowest transonic tip speeds, and weak, oblique pressure disturbances attached to the tip of the aft-swept fan at the two highest transonic tip speeds. The unsteady pressure measurements made with the forwardswept fan do not show strong shocks propagating upstream of that rotor at any of the tested speeds. A comparison of the forward-swept and aft-swept shroud unsteady pressure measurements indicates that at any given transonic speed the pressure disturbance just upstream of the tip of the forwardswept fan is much weaker than that of the aft-swept fan. The LDV data suggest that at 12500 and 13831 RPMc, the forwardswept fan swallowed the passage shocks occurring in the tip region of the blades, whereas the aft-swept fan did not. Due to this difference, the flows just upstream of the two fans were found to be quite different at both of these transonic speeds. Nevertheless, despite distinct differences just upstream of the two rotors, the two fan flows were much more alike about one axial blade chord further upstream. As a result, the LDV data suggest that it is unwise to attempt to determine the effect that the shocks have on far field noise by focusing only on measurements (or CFD predictions) made very near the rotor. Instead, these data suggest that it is important to track the shocks throughout the inlet.
      Hivatkozás stílusok: IEEEACMAPAChicagoHarvardCSLMásolásNyomtatás
      2021-10-24 02:23