Polyester composite water uptake and organic contaminant release affected by carbon nanofiber reinforcements

Salehi, Maryam; Krishnamurthy, Ajay; Forster, Aaron M; Hsiao, Kuang-Ting; Whelton, Andrew J

Angol nyelvű Tudományos Szakcikk (Folyóiratcikk)
Megjelent: JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE 0021-8995 1097-4628 133 (30) Paper: 43724 , 9 p. 2016
  • SJR Scopus - Polymers and Plastics: Q1
Azonosítók
Szakterületek:
    The incorporation of carbon nanofiber (CNF) into glass fiber (GF) composites is a potential route to extend polymer composite service-life and enhance mechanical properties. Under nonstatic conditions, only limited information concerning water uptake and contaminant release properties of nanocomposite materials is currently available. Polyester composites containing GF and oxidized CNF were immersed in water for 30 days under nominal pressure at 23 degrees C, below the polymer's glass-transition temperature. Water was analyzed and changed every three days to simulate water chemistry regeneration similar to exposures in flowing systems. Composites with oxidized CNF had greater water sorption capacity and leaching rates than CNF-free composites. The total mass of organic contaminant released correlated with the amount of water sorbed by each composite (r(2)=0.91), although CNF dispersion was found to vary greatly within composites. The greatest and least contaminant release rates were found for the polyester-CNF and the polyester-GF composites, respectively. While volatile aromatic resin solvents and stabilizer compounds were detected, their concentrations declined over the 30 day exposure period. We hypothesize that the hydrophilic nature of the oxidized CNF increased the water sorption capacity of the polyester composites. Additional studies are warranted that examine the impact of this phenomenon on composite mechanical and long-term durability properties. (c) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43724.
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    2020-08-10 21:23