The Upper Triassic-Lower Cretaceous successions of the Transdanubian part of the Mecsek
and Villany-Bihor Zones of the Tisza Unit have been studied from the lithological,
lithostratigraphical, sedimentological, microfossil and microfacies points of view
in order to correlate and interpret the significant differences between them and to
draw a conclusion about their geological and paleogeographical history. After an overview
of the paleogeographical reconstructions of the broader area, the succession of the
Mecsek and Villany-Bihor Zones and the debated Mariakemend-Bar Range are introduced.
Until the end of the Middle Triassic the study area acted as an entity. The first
fundamental difference between the two zones can be recognized in the Late Triassic
when marine carbonates were replaced by thick fluvial siliciclastics in the Mecsek
Zone, while it is represented only by small, local lenses with a few and thin dolostone
intercalations in the Villany Zone. The Mecsek Zone is bordered southward by one of
the large listric faults to the north of which very thick siliciclastics developed
in the Early to Middle Jurassic, whereas it is highly lacunose in the larger western
part of the Villany-Bihor Zone. The break at the base is subaerial, higher in the
succession it is shallow submarine. The sediment is silty, occasionally sandy crinoidal
limestone of late Early Jurassic or even Middle Jurassic in age. The Upper Jurassic
in the Mecsek Zone is composed of deep-water cherty limestone while in the Villany
Zone it became a thick, shallowing pelagic limestone with reworked patch reef fragments.
It is clear evidence that the Mecsek Zone had a thinned continental crust thanks to
the nearby rift zone while in the Villany Zone the crust remained thick. The actualized
version of the Plasienka's paleogeographical model (Plasienka 2000) is introduced.