The Effect of Load on Torques in Point-to-Point Arm Movements

Tibold, R [Tibold, Róbert (Mozgás tudomány), author] Pázmány Péter Catholic University Interdiscipli... (PPCU / FIT); Laczko, J ✉ [Laczkó, József (Neuro-mechanika, ...), author] Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences (SU); Faculty of Information Technology (PPCU)

English Scientific Article (Journal Article)
Published: JOURNAL OF MOTOR BEHAVIOR 0022-2895 1940-1027 44 (5) pp. 341-350 2012
  • SJR Scopus - Biophysics: Q2
    ABSTRACT A dynamic, 3-dimensional model was developed to simulate slightly restricted (pronation-supination was not allowed) point-to-point movements of the upper limb under different external loads, which were modeled using 3 objects of distinct masses held in the hand. The model considered structural and biomechanical properties of the arm and measured coordinates of joint positions. The model predicted muscle torques generated by muscles and needed to produce the measured rotations in the shoulder and elbow joints. The effect of different object masses on torque profiles, magnitudes, and directions were studied. Correlation analysis has shown that torque profiles in the shoulder and elbow joints are load invariant. The shape of the torque magnitude-time curve is load invariant but it is scaled with the mass of the load. Objects with larger masses are associated with a lower deflection of the elbow torque with respect to the sagittal plane. Torque direction-time curve is load invariant scaled with the mass of the load. The authors propose that the load invariance of the torque magnitude-time curve and torque direction-time curve holds for object transporting arm movements not restricted to a plane.
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    2022-01-17 23:12