A gyökércsatorna-tágító műszerek összehasonlító értékelése kihúzott emberi fogakon III. rész.

Dobó, N C [Dobó Nagy, Csaba (Fogászati radiológia), author]; Bartha, K [Bartha, Károly (Fogorvostudomány), author] Department of Conservative Dentistry (SU / FD); Bernáth, M; Szabó, J [Szabó, János (Orvostudományok), author]

Hungarian Scientific Article (Journal Article)
Published: FOGORVOSI SZEMLE 0015-5314 2498-8170 89 (3) pp. 75-84 1996
      A total of 460 roots of extracted human teeth were divided into three groups i.e. straight, apically curved and entirely curved groups. Each of the three groups were divided into seven subgroups according to instrumentation by conventional hand, K-Flex file, 3-LD, 3-LDSY, Excalibur. MM 1400 and Endo Sonic. Radiographs were taken both clinical and proximal views before and after the enlargement of canals. An assessment of shaping characteristic of instrumentation was made on the basis of overimposed radiographs including perforation, ledge formation smoothness of wall contour incidence of elbow and zip measurements at the elbow level and asymmetry measurements. The majority of enlarged root canals were asymmetrical in shape. High differences were found between the incidence of elbow and zip formation. Under laboratory conditions the K-Flex file produced minor canal aberrations and significantly less asymmetry than the conventional instruments. But both the above mentioned instruments caused perforations on curved canals, such as the instrumentation by Excalibur. The loss of working distance was significant in all canal forms prepared with 3-LD and 3-LDSY instruments, which could have occurred through the packing of debris towards the apical constriction. The Excalibur appeared to be superior to the conventional hand instrument in straight canals, but its shaping characteristic was similar to conventional hand instrument in curved canals. The MM 1400 handpiece and ultrasonic instruments resulted in less aberration and significantly less asymmetry than the other tested instruments.
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