Adopting the practices of the world’s leading economy is a desirable and sensible
strategy, since these practices are based on the largest existing pool of experiences.
The question is whether these practices will be equally effective in other areas of
the world where different national cultures condition different value systems. Capability
Maturity Model—IntegrationSM (CMMI) is a framework from which models can be generated
for different organizations. It is open to considerations regarding all kinds of circumstances
including differences in cultural value systems that were characterized in G. Hofstede’s
seminal work. The statistically identified clusters of characteristics of national
cultures are: power distance, individualism vs. collectivism, masculinity vs. femininity,
uncertainty avoidance, and long-term vs. short-term orientation.
With this article, the authors intend to contribute to the international success of
CMMI and of all other process improvement methods by proposing to work toward a third
dimension of the CMMI/SPICE architecture: the cultural dimension, in addition to the
process and capability dimensions of the existing models.