Comparison of the preparation of PLGA-BSA nano- and microparticles by PVA, poloxamer and PVP

Feczkó, T [Feczkó, Tivadar (Nanotechnológia, ...), author] Anyag- és Környezetkémiai Intézet (MTA KK); Tóth, J [Tóth, Judit (Részecsketechnoló...), author] Anyag- és Környezetkémiai Intézet (MTA KK); Gyenis, J [Gyenis, János (Vegyipari művelet...), author] Research Institute of Chemical and Process Engi... (UP / FIT)

English Scientific Article (Journal Article)
  • SJR Scopus - Colloid and Surface Chemistry: Q2
Subjects:
    The objective of our study was to prepare nano- and microparticles economically considering some practical parameters such as size and encapsulation efficiency as well as ability of particle recovery. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) model protein was encapsulated by poly(d,l-lactideco- glycolide) (PLGA) using a multiple water-in-oil-in-water emulsion-solvent evaporation technique. The effect of three surfactants: polyvinyl alcohol, poloxamer, and polyvinyl pyrrolidone, used in the outer water phase, on the properties of particles was investigated. The emulsifier/PLGA mass ratio played an important role in the preparation procedure of the particles. This ratio was found to be approximately 1 for polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) if the aim was to formulate nanoparticles with narrow size distribution (<220 nm), high yield and good encapsulation efficiency (>90%). Although, a ratio of 2:1 was sufficient to produce submicron particles by poloxamer with high yield, more than 70% and 90% encapsulation efficiency required minimum 4 and 10 emulsifier/PLGA mass ratio, respectively. Five times more PVA and 10 times more poloxamer than the PLGA mass were necessary to obtain nanoparticles which were easy to redisperse after centrifugation. Microparticles released more BSA than nanoparticles prepared by PVA, however, the situation was reverse with poloxamer. Microparticles formulated by polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) showed the fastest in vitro release.
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    2021-11-28 09:47