The taxonomy of Festuca species is based on morphology, histology and cytology. The
identification and classification of the species is still not unambigous, due to the
strong environmental dependence of these taxonomic traits. The objectives of the present
analysis were to gain new data and to answer the questions raised bytraditional taxonomy
based on the molecular comparison of genomic DNA. The 8 species of the F. ovina group
were classified into three well-separable groups on the basis of cluster and MDS analysis
of the data obtained by RAPD and AP-PCR analysis of 114 samples (corresponding to
It has been proved that the sub-Mediterranean tetraploid F. pallens (4x) differs genetically
from the subalpine diploid F pallens (2x), which may modify the present classification.
The species F. javorkae and F rupicola can be differentiated from each other at the
molecular level based on a 800 by fragment amplified with the PAL 1 primer.