Kontextus: Therefore, to overcome the problems mentioned above, researchers have
proposed different energy balancing algorithms [10, 11, 12, 13] with the following
benefits: • To ensure that every sensor node has the same rate of energy dissipation
(or as close as possible) such that the network remains functional for the maximum
possible time. • To balance the energy load and maintain connectivity as equally as
possible. • To ensure uniform energy drainage, i.e. all the nodes deplete energy at
the same rate.